Dating bone china
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Instead of taking up where grandma left off, you can find an antique or vintage pattern that suits your own taste and style. No matter how you get started, this type of collecting is more than a hobby. Putting together a set of antique or vintage dinnerware can be a fun way to outfit your kitchen or decorate your dining area. This information is often stamped on the back of one of the dinner plates. Many times the pattern name will be shown there as well.
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Wedgwood Identification and Dating
Copeland Spode British Bone China
Bone china is a type of porcelain that is composed of bone ash , feldspathic material , and kaolin. In the midth century, English potters had not succeeded in making hard-paste porcelain as made in East Asia and Meissen porcelain but found bone ash a useful addition to their soft-paste porcelain mixtures, giving strength. This became standard at the Bow porcelain factory in London operating from around , and spread to some other English factories. The modern product was developed by the Staffordshire potter Josiah Spode in the early s. Spode included kaolin , so his formula, sometimes called "Staffordshire bone-porcelain", was effectively hard-paste, but stronger, and versions were adopted by all the major English factories by around
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Collecting Fine Antique and Vintage China
Watching the experts at antique roadshows or on auction house valuation days, you probably wonder just how they get so much information about a teacup, vase or a piece of silver simply by turning the item upside down. The fact is the markings that are stamped, painted or impressed on the underside of most antique items can help you tell a great deal about a piece other than just who made it. The name of the pottery manufacturer and an approximate date of manufacture can be discovered if the piece of pottery has a backstamp or the silver item has a hallmark.
British porcelain got its start in with the discovery of kaolin clay in Cornwall, England. Around , the English added ground bone ash from farm animals to the wet clay, making the ceramics lighter in weight, more translucent, and stronger according to Antiques by Frank Farmer Loomis IV. Josiah Spode apprenticed as a potter in the mids. Later, he started his own pottery business, making cream-colored earthenware and whiteware with blueprints.
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